Question: Who Is At Higher Risk For Osteoporosis?

What are the warning signs of osteoporosis?

But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you might have signs and symptoms that include:Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.Loss of height over time.A stooped posture.A bone that breaks much more easily than expected..

What are ways to prevent osteoporosis?

What can you do to protect your bones?Get enough calcium and vitamin D and eat a well balanced diet.Engage in regular exercise.Eat foods that are good for bone health, such as fruits and vegetables.Avoid smoking and limit alcohol to 2-3 drinks per day.

Which female patients are at risk for developing osteoporosis?

Women over the age of 50, or postmenopausal women have the greatest risk of developing osteoporosis. Women experience rapid bone loss during, and 5 to 10 years after, menopause.

Is caffeine a risk factor for osteoporosis?

Studies of caffeine as a probable risk factor for osteoporosis have yielded conflicting results. Caffeine consumption has been reported to decrease bone mineral density (BMD) (2–4), increase the risk of hip fracture (5–8), and negatively influence calcium retention (9–11).

What are the two types of osteoporosis?

Two categories of osteoporosis have been identified: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.

What are two risk factors for osteoporosis?

Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. … Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.Poor nutrition and poor general health.More items…

Does low vitamin D cause osteoporosis?

Deficiencies in vitamin D and calcium can cause soft, thin, brittle bones—a condition known as rickets in children and osteoporosis in adults. More than 40 million people have either osteoporosis or low bone mass, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

What will happen if osteoporosis is left untreated?

What can happen if osteoporosis is not treated? Osteoporosis that is not treated can lead to serious bone breaks (fractures), especially in the hip and spine. One in three women is likely to have a fracture caused by osteoporosis in her lifetime. Hip fractures can cause serious pain and disability and require surgery.

Is walking good for osteoporosis?

Walking has been shown to improve bone density in the hip and femoral neck area. Recent research indicates that you need to walk at a fast pace to improve bone health and osteoporosis. If it has been awhile since you have been walking or you are a slow walker, do not be discouraged.

Can osteoporosis be reversed?

You can make fractures less likely by maintaining or improving your bone density, Cosman says. That is, “you can reverse theconsequences of osteoporosis,” says Robert Heaney, MD, vice president for research and professor of medicine at Creighton University in Omaha, Neb.

Which factors are associated with higher risk of osteoporosis?

However, age and sex are not the only risk factors for osteoporosis. Other risk factors associated with osteoporotic fracture are vertebral body fractures, peripheral fractures, history of a proximal femur fracture, multiple falls, nicotine consumption, immobility, low body weight.

What factors cause osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis CausesDiet. Your diet has a significant impact on the health of your bones. … Exercise. Exercise is an essential defense against osteoporosis. … Low Sex Hormones. When women reach menopause, their estrogen levels drop significantly. … Medical Conditions. … Medications. … Smoking and Alcohol.

What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?

ContinuedBone structure and body weight. Petite and thin women have a greater chance of developing osteoporosis. … Broken bones. If you’ve had fractures before, your bones may not be as strong.Ethnicity. … Certain diseases. … Some medications. … Smoking. … Alcohol.

What exercise is best for osteoporosis?

Examples include walking, dancing, low-impact aerobics, elliptical training machines, stair climbing and gardening. These types of exercise work directly on the bones in your legs, hips and lower spine to slow mineral loss. They also provide cardiovascular benefits, which boost heart and circulatory system health.