Which Of The Following Is Required For Translation To Occur?

What are required for translation?

The Protein Synthesis Machinery.

In addition to the mRNA template, many molecules and macromolecules contribute to the process of translation.

Translation requires the input of an mRNA template, ribosomes, tRNAs, and various enzymatic factors..

What are the 4 steps of translation?

Translation happens in four stages: activation (make ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer) and termination (stop). These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide).

What are the 5 steps of translation?

Translation (biology)Initiation: The ribosome assembles around the target mRNA. The first tRNA is attached at the start codon.Elongation: The tRNA transfers an amino acid to the tRNA corresponding to the next codon. … Termination: When a stop codon is reached, the ribosome releases the polypeptide.

Is DNA directly involved in transcription?

Is DNA directly involved in Transcription? … Is DNA directly involved in Translation? no, DNA remains in the nucleus and this process doesn’t occur in the nucleus. Which types of RNA are involved in Translation?

What is the most accurate translator?

The 5 most reliable online translatorsWordreference. This is the most popular online dictionary for more than 16 languages. … Google Translate. Some users prefer this site due to its simplicity and speed and because it can be easily inserted in several browsers. … Bing Translator. … Babylon. … Systran.

What is the first step of translation?

The process of translation can be broken down into three stages. The first stage is initiation. In this step, a special “initiator” tRNA carrying the amino acid methionine binds to a special site on the small subunit of the ribosome (the ribosome is composed of two subunits, the small subunit and the large subunit).

What is the process of translation?

Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.

How is translation stopped?

Translation ends in a process called termination. Termination happens when a stop codon in the mRNA (UAA, UAG, or UGA) enters the A site.

What is a codon?

A codon is a trinucleotide sequence of DNA or RNA that corresponds to a specific amino acid. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of DNA bases (A, C, G, and T) in a gene and the corresponding protein sequence that it encodes. The cell reads the sequence of the gene in groups of three bases.

Is rRNA used in translation?

Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is part of the ribosome, or protein builders, of the cell. Ribosomes are responsible for translation, or the process our cells use to make proteins. rRNA are responsible for reading the order of amino acids and linking amino acids together. They do this through a highly complex sequence.

What parts are needed for translation to occur?

Cellular components involved in DNA translationRibosome. The ribosome is a complex organelle, present in the cytoplasm, which serves as the site of action for protein synthesis. … Messenger RNA (mRNA) Related Stories. … Transfer RNA (tRNA) … Aminoacyl tRNA synthetases. … Initiation. … Elongation. … Termination.

What are the 3 steps in translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

What are the 5 steps of transcription?

Transcription can be broken into five stages: pre-initiation, initiation, promoter clearance, elongation, and termination:Pre-Initiation. Atomic Imagery / Getty Images. … Initiation. Forluvoft / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. … Promoter Clearance. Ben Mills / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. … Elongation. … Termination.

What are the steps translation?

The steps in translation are: The ribosome binds to mRNA at a specific area. The ribosome starts matching tRNA anticodon sequences to the mRNA codon sequence. Each time a new tRNA comes into the ribosome, the amino acid that it was carrying gets added to the elongating polypeptide chain.

What comes first translation or transcription?

The first step is transcription in which the sequence of one gene is replicated in an RNA molecule. The second step is translation in which the RNA molecule serves as a code for the formation of an amino-acid chain (a polypeptide).

What is transcription method?

Transcribing is converting speech to text word for word. Transcribing is a common practice when conducting interviews because it enables you to perform analysis. … Choose your preferred transcription method. Transcribe the audio (using transcription software) Add speaker designation and time stamps.